Learn the Minecraft brewing basics for cooking up potions and saving the day in Mojang’s blocky universe

If you’re new to Minecraft brewing and want to get to grips with the basics – including what on earth you should do with your phantom membranes – we’ve created a simple guide to get you started. Our guide includes Minecraft brewing equipment, key ingredients, and some of the most powerful mixtures you can concoct.

Minecraft brewing can be used to create a vast array of consumable potions that will cause various status effects, such as healing buffs, strength enhancers, and elemental cures. All potions created from brewing require a base ingredient, which can then be adapted and enhanced using a secondary ingredient and/or modifier.

We’ve broken down exactly what you’ll need in this Minecraft brewing guide below, including some of the most common ingredients and their effects. We’ll start by breaking down the key equipment you’ll need to get started on your journey to become a Minecraft brewing pro before moving onto the ingredients you’ll be combining. So, without further ado, here’s your Minecraft brewing primer for beginners.

Click the links below to the part of this Minecraft brewing guide you need:


  • Brewing stand: used to add and combine ingredients into water bottles
  • Cauldron: holds one bucket of water or three bottles of a single potion. The cauldron equates to three glass bottles
  • Blaze powder: the fuel for brewing, an essential to fuel the brewing stand
  • Glass bottle: used at a water source to create a water bottle. Is also the potion container
  • Water bottle: the starting base for all potions, created from filling a glass bottle at a water source or cauldron
Minecraft brewing stand


  • Fill 1-3 glass bottles with water from either a cauldron or a water source
  • Place the water bottle(s) into the bottom three slots
  • Fill the top spot with the base ingredient
  • Use Blaze Powder for the brewing process
  • Repeat these steps until you have the desired potion



The base ingredients are the first ingredient added to the brewing process. Every potion requires a base ingredient, which determine the potion’s type. The base ingredients are listed below, along with the type of potion each ingredient creates. The modifier effect is when the ingredient is used at the end of the brewing process, to enhance or adapt potions.

IngredientPotion typeModifier effect
Nether WartAwkward PotionNone
Redstone DustMundane PotionExtends potion duration
Glowstone DustThick PotionEnhances potion potency
Fermented Spider EyePotion of WeaknessCorrupts a potion, reversing its effects
GunpowderSplash Water BottleExplodes on impact
Dragon’s BreathLingering Water BottleExplodes on impact, leaves a damaging cloud


The secondary ingredient, also known as the effect ingredient, is to be added to the base one. This ingredient will influence the type of potion created.

 Rabbit’s FootSwiftness
 Glistering MelonHealing
 PufferfishWater breathing
Magma CreamFire resistance
 Golden CarrotNight vision
 Blaze PowderStrength
 Ghast TearRegeneration
 Turtle ShellWater breathing
 Phantom MembranesSlow falling
 Fermented Spider EyePoison


An addition to Minecraft brewing can be found in the Minecraft Bedrock and Education Editions and includes the elemental ingredients below that can cure nausea, weakness, poison, and blindness.

ElementEffect cured

If you’re excited to venture out from the confines of your mining sanctuary, brewing in Minecraft is a great skill to have. Now you’re familiar with the basics, you can experiment with Minecraft brewing recipes to create potions to suit your combat needs.

Some of the Minecraft potions created from brewing include poison, fire resistance, and healing, but ingredients can be combined and manipulated to create a wide range of potions using Minecraft brewing recipes. But, for now, best of luck on finding the materials you need to help you in your future endeavours.